Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Localization and Expression of Ldl Receptor, Star, Cytochrome P450 Side Chain Cleavage and P450 17-Alpa Hydroxylase in Developing Swine Follicles: in Situ Hybridization and Immunocytochemical Studies

Authors
item Garmey, James - UNIV OF VA SCHOOL OF MED
item Guthrie, Howard
item Garrett, Wesley
item Stoler, Mark - UNIV OF VA SCHOOL OF MED
item Veldhuis, Johannes - UNIV OF VA SCHOOL OF MED

Submitted to: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 19, 2000
Publication Date: N/A

Interpretive Summary: The incidence of long infertile periods and low ovulation rate in female swine is a serious economic problem that can occur after weaning or during environmental stress. Pigs that fail to be in estrus or fail to conceive increase producer costs by 25%. Ovarian steroid hormones are important intraovarian regulators of follicle growth and oocyte maturation. However, little work in the pig has been done to relate expression of the cytochrome P450 enzymes to follicular steroid production. Semiquantitative in situ molecular hybridization and immunocytochemistry for low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR), cytochrome P450side-chain cleavage (P450scc) enzyme and cytochrome P450 17alpha-hydroxylase/C17-20 lyase (P450C17) were applied to individual nonatretic follicles (N=54. Analysis of follicular fluid concentrations of androstenedione, estradiol, and progesterone in contralateral ovaries showed strong correlations between levels of these sex-steroids and expression of StAR, P450scc, and P450c17 proteins. These analyses demonstrate that preovulatory follicular development proceeds with the coordinate induction of selected pivotal genes and proteins mediating the uptake, delivery and utilization of cholesterol substrate in steroidogenesis.

Technical Abstract: Semiquantitative in situ molecular hybridization and immunocytochemistry for low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR), cytochrome P450side-chain cleavage (P450scc) enzyme and cytochrome P450 17alpha-hydroxylase/C17-20 lyase (P450C17) were applied to individual nonatretic follicles (N=54) harvested from cycling gilts slaughtered on days 1, 3, 5, and 7 (N=3 per day) following withdrawal of altrenogest. Low levels of LDL receptor mRNA and protein expression were detectable in only theca cells on day 7. StAR mRNA and protein levels rose progressively in theca cells with follicular maturation, reaching maximal expression on day 5, then declining slightly on day 7 after the LH surge. In granulosa cells, small amounts of StAR mRNA and protein were detected on days 5 and 7. P450scc mRNA content and protein expression were highest in theca cells, increasing at each time point studied. Granulosa cells expressed minimal P450scc message on days 3, 5, and 7, while protein levels became detectable at moderate levels on day 7 only. Expression of P450c17 was localized exclusively in theca cells with protein and mRNA content increasing at each time point to a maxima on days 5 (mRNA) and 7 (protein). Analysis of follicular fluid concentrations of androstenedione, estradiol,and progesterone in contralateral ovaries showed strong correlations between levels of these sex-steroids and expression of StAR, P450scc, and P450c17 proteins. These analyses demonstrate that preovulatory follicular development proceeds with the coordinate induction of selected pivotal genes and proteins mediating the uptake, delivery and utilization of cholesterol substrate in steroidogenesis.

Last Modified: 10/25/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page