Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: November 14, 2000
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: The use of fortified human milk provides the premature infant adequate growth, nutrient retention, and biochemical indices of nutritional status, especially when fed at approximately 180 ml/kg/day, compared with unfortified human milk. When compared with preterm formula, the feeding of fortified human milk may provide significant protection from infection and necrotizing enterocolitis. Neonatal centers should encourage the feeding o fortified human milk for premature infants. Skin-to-skin contact is a reasonable method to enhance milk production, while potentially facilitating the development of an enteromammary response.