Submitted to: Society of Industrial Microbiology Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 27, 2000
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Various agricultural residues such as corn fiber, corn stover, wheat straw, and rice straw can be converted to fuel ethanol by fermentation. However, efficient pretreatment and enzymatic conversion of these residues to sugars are essential for success. This presentation gives an account of the pretreatment options and enzymes involved in lignocellulosic biomass conversion. Data will be presented showing the results of our research to develop novel and improved microbial enzymes such as endo-glucanase, beta-glucosidase, endo-xylanase, beta-xylosidase and alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase. The barriers, progress, and prospects of developing an environmentally benign bioprocess for large-scale conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to fermentable sugars will be highlighted.