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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Hepatic 5' Deiodinase Activity in the Broiler Chicken: Effects of Diet and Prior Thyroid Status

Authors
item Rosebrough, Robert
item Kahl, Stanislaw
item Elsasser, Theodore

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 15, 2000
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Conversion of thyroxine (T4) to the metabolically active thyroid hormone (T3) is catalyzed by 5'deiodinase (5'D). Male, Shaver broiler chickens growing from 7 to 56 days of age were used in two experiments to demonstrate the effects of dietary crude protein (CP) and thyroid hormone deficiency-replenishment on 5'D activity. In the first experiment, birds were fed 18% CP ñ 1 mg/kg methimazole (M) from 7 - 28 days and then an 18% CP diet ñ 1 mg/kg T3 for 8 days. The second experiment involved feeding three levels of CP (12, 18 & 24%) ñ 1 mg/kg M from 7 to 28 days and an 18% CP from 28-56 days. Methimazole depressed both plasma T3 and T4. Although M depressed and supplemental increased T3 5'D per gram of liver in the first experiment, M also increased the relative liver size. Thus, total T3 productive capacity increased in the face of a decrease in specific activity. Again, M depressed both T3 and T4. In addition, low a low protein diet also depressed T4. Both CP and M affected 5'D activity in 28-day-old birds. In contrast, only the carry over effect of M was significant in 56-day-old birds. It is suggested from these studies that particular care must be taken in selecting a method to express 5D activity. Permutations in the thyroid state alter the liver size of the bird, distorting values expressed per unit of liver weight. Values expressed per unit of protein may fail to account for the influence of changes in liver size on total deiodinase activity.

Last Modified: 10/21/2014
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