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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Isolation and Characterization of Disease Resistance Genes from Cotton

Authors
item Zhang, Xiang-Dong - MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIV
item Jenkins, Johnie
item Ma, Din-Pow - MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIV

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: January 4, 2000
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: A PCR-based strategy was used to isolate and clone pathogen resistance genes from cotton. Many plant disease resistance genes encode proteins which contain a conserved NBS (nucleo- tide binding site) domain. The NBS domains encoded by two resistance genes, Arabidopsis thaliana RPS2 gene against Pseudomonas syringae and tobacco budworm (Nicotiana tabacum) N gene against tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), share identical conserved amino acid sequences in the kinase-1a motif (GGVGKTT) and the hydrophobic domain (hd) (GLPLAL). Two sets of degenerate oligionucleotides were synthesized on the basis of the conserved amino acid sequences and used as primers in PCR amplification of disease resistance genes. Six different combinations of the two sets of primers had resulted in totally amplifying six different disease resis- tance gene homologs. The nucleotide and derived amino acid sequence data indicate that the six cotton resistance genes are highly homologous to other plant disease resistance genes, including two tomato vascular wilt disease resistance genes 12C-1 and 12C-2 against soil-borne fungus Fusarium oxysporum, tomato root knot nematode resistance gene Mi-1.2 against Meloidogyne incognita, Arabidopsis RPS2 gene, and two Arabidopsis disease resistance gene homo- logs pNd11 and pNd13. Our results indicated that this PCR-based approach is effective to identify different disease resistance genes against fungi, nematode, and bacteria in cotton.

Last Modified: 11/24/2014
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