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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Influence of Soil Amendments on in-Vitro Ammonia Volatilization from Cattle Manure

Authors
item Shi, Y - WTA&M UNIVERSITY
item Parker, David - WTA&M UNIVERSITY
item Cole, Noel
item Mehlhorn, Joey - WTA&M UNIVERSITY
item Auvermann, Brent - TAES-AMARILLO
item Greene, L - TAES/WTA&M UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: High Plains Beef Conference
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: August 19, 1999
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: A laboratory study was conducted to evaluate soil amendments for reducing ammonia emissions from open-lot beef cattle feedyards. A mixture of 1550 g of soil, 133 g of manure, and 267 g of urine was placed into plastic containers (20 cm x 20 cm x 12 cm depth). Using a vacuum system, clean air at a rate of 84.5 L/min was passed over the soil-manure surface and ammonia awas trapped by bubbling the air through dilute hydrochloric acid. Treatments consisted of a blank (soil with no manure), control (soil-manure mixture with no amendment), 4500 kg/ha Al2(SO4)3 (alum), 9000 kg/ha alum, 375 kg/ha commercial product for reducing ammonia emissions (CP), 750 kg/ha CP, 4500 kg/ha CaCl2, 9000 kg/ha CaCl2, 9000 kg/ha brown humate, 9000 kg/ha black humate, 1 kg/ha of the urease inhibitor N-(n-butyl)- thiophosphoric triamide (NBPT), and 2 kg/ha NBPT. There were four replications of each treatment. Ammonia emissions were monitored for 21 days following application of the amendments. Cumulative ammonia emissions after 21 days expressed as a percentage of the control, were 0.4% for the blank, 8.5% for 4500 kg/ha alum, 1.7% for 9000 kg/ha alum, 73.6% for 400 kg/ha CP, 68.2% for 750 kg/ha CP, 28.8% for 4500 kg/ha CaCl2, 22.5% for 9000 kg/ha CaCl2, 32.4% for 9000 kg/ha brown humates, 39.8% for 9000 kg/ha black humates, 35.9% for 1 kg/ha NBPT, and 34.4% for 2 kg/ha NBPT. Results of these experiments suggest that ammonia emissions from open feedlots can be reduced using chemical additives. Cost-effectiveness and environmental impacts from the amendments should be evaluated before using these amendments in a commercial setting.

Last Modified: 10/30/2014
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