Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: March 4, 2000
Publication Date: January 1, 2002
Citation: HOU, C.T. INDUSTRIAL USES OF LIPASE. IN LIPID BIOTECHNOLOGY. KUO, T.M. AND GARDNER, H.W. EDITORS. MARCEL DEKKER. 2002. P. 387-397. Technical Abstract: Lipases are enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of triglycerides to glycerol and fatty acids. Microbial lipases are relatively stable and are capable of catalyzing a variety of reactions; they are potentially of importance for diverse industrial applications. Lipases can be divided generally into the following four groups according to their specificity in hydrolysis reaction: substrate specific lipases, regioselective lipases, fatty acid specific lipases, and stereospecific lipases. Industrial uses of lipases are described in details in areas such as: hydrolysis of tallow for laundry detergent; synthesis of esters; transesterification for fragrances, flavors, and cocoa butter substitutes; synthesis of structured lipids for infant formula and neutracieuticals; improve PUFA content in fish oil; and enantioresolution of esters for chemical and drug intermediates. Many examples are given.