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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Characterization of Cryptosporidium Meleagridis and First Report of C. Meleagridis in An Indian Ring-Necked Parrot (Psittacula Krameri).

Authors
item Morgan, U - MURDOCH UNIV., AUSTRALIA
item Xiao, L - CDCP GEORGIA
item Limor, J - CDCP GEORGIA
item Gelis, S - KINGSTON VET CLINIC
item Raidal, S - MURDOCH UNIVERSITY WA
item Fayer, Ronald
item Lal, A - CDCP GEORGIA
item Elliot, A - MURDOCH UNIV., AUSTRALIA
item Thompson, Rc - MURDOCH UNIV., AUSTRALIA

Submitted to: Journal of Parasitology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: October 27, 1999
Publication Date: January 1, 2000

Interpretive Summary: Cryptosporidium species appear very similar and are difficult to identify at the species level. This in turn renders the tracking of infections, i.e., the epidemiological investigation, very difficult or impossible. So, it becomes imperative to develop tools to clearly identify species and to identify potential hosts. The present study has identified Cryptosporidium meleagridis, a known parasite of turkeys, and a parasite reported in an AIDS patient, in a parrot. This new host extends the range of potential hosts for this organism and demonstrates a new group of birds as potential sources of infection for immunosuppressed humans and other animals.

Technical Abstract: The objective of this work was to characterize and compare a Cryptosporidium infection in an Indian ring neck parrot (Psittacula krameri) with C. meleagridis from the domesticated turkey (Meleagris gallopao). Tissue and intestinal sections from a parot were embedded in paraffin and examined microscopicaly for Cryptosporidium. The organism was salso purified from the crop and intestine, the DNA extracted and a portion of the 18S rDNA gene amplified, sequenced and compared to available sequence and biological information for C. meleagridis from turkeys. Morphological examination of parrot tissue revealed large numbers of Cryptosporidium oocysts attached to the apical border or enterocytes lining the intestinal tract. Purified oocysts measured approx. 5.1 x 4.5 um, which conformed morphologically to C. meleagridis. The sequence obtained from this isolate was identical to sequence information obtained from C. meleagridis from a turkey.

Last Modified: 11/28/2014
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