|Farkas, Robert - UNIV VET SCIENCE, HUNGARY|
|Thuroczy, Csaba - HUNGARIAN MINISTRY OF AG|
Submitted to: Environmental Entomology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 12, 2000
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: Hungary has been traversed on numerous occasions by invading armies, particularly from the East, during the past millennium. The invaders brought their livestock and poultry as a source of food. Accompanying these domestic animals were their parasites, such as nuisance flies. Besides the influx of foreign strains or species of arthropod pests, foreign strains or species of biological control organisms probably accompanied the pest species. Scientists at the USDA Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, Gainesville, FL, the University of Veterinary Science, Budapest, Hungary, and the Systematic Parasitoid Laboratory, Koszeg, Hungary, performed the second in a series of surveys to speciate the parasitic Hymenoptera of Hungary to look for unusual species that might be useful for biological control programs in both countries. The two major fly hosts were the house fly and the stable fly. The major parasites recovered were Spalangia cameroni, S. nigroaenea, and S. endius. Parasites not collected previously in Hungary were Pachycrepoideus vindemiae, a Trichomalopsis sp., two Diapriidae spp., and one Brachycera sp. Individuals from the three latter genera are undescribed.
Technical Abstract: Pupae of house flies and stable flies were surveyed in Southern and Eastern Hungary to determine the species of Hymenopteran pupal parasites present on livestock farms. The major parasites recovered were Spalangia cameroni, S. nigroaenea, and S. endius. New Parasites, not collected previously in Hungary, were Pachycrepoideus vindemiae, Trichomalopsis sp., tow Diapriidae spp., and one Brachycera sp. Individuals from the three latter genera are undescribed. Because of the climatic similarities in Hungary and much of the U.S., these collections could yield parasite species that could be beneficial for the biological control of flies in both countries.