|Kaiser, W. - USDA-ARS (RETIRED)|
|Kusmenoglu, I. - WA STATE UNIVERSITY|
Submitted to: Crop Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 31, 1997
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: Chickpeas are an important rotational crop in the U.S. Pacific Northwest; however, the occurance of ascochyta blight in the region has devastated crops and made production uneconomical. The use of fungicides can alleviate some of the effects of the disease, but applications are costly and must be repeated. The development of resistant varieties, including Sanford, have made it possible to produce the crop at economic levels. Sanford is resistant to the disease and has better yields and quality than previous varieties. Sanford has made it possible to produce the crop without the devastating effects of ascochyta blight.
Technical Abstract: Chickpeas are a relatively new crop to the U.S. Pacific Northwest where it is grown in rotation with the cereals. However, ascochyta blight has caused devastation in available varieties and it became necessary to develop resistance to reduce the risk of growing the crop. 'Sanford' is a large seeded "Kabuli" type variety developed and released in 1994. Sanford originated as an F7 selection from a cross made in 1988 between Surutato-7 and FLIP85-58. The selection was identified as resistant to blight in the ascochyta blight screening nursery established a Pullman, WA. In further tests for resistance to blight and in yield trials Sanford continued to outperform the standard check varieties. Sanford has a unifoliate leaf structure that differs from the fern leaf structure that is typical of chickpea cultivars such as UC-5', UC-27' and Spanish White'. Seeds of Sanford weigh 54 grams per 100 seeds. The light cream colored seeds of Sanford are desired by domestic processors and by exporters. Samples of Sanford are available on request.