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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: DEVELOPMENT OF APPROACHES TO PREVENT AND AMELIORATE DISEASES OF CATFISH

Location: Warmwater Aquaculture Research Unit

Title: An outbreak of Yersinia enterocolitica in a captive colony of African green monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops sabaeus) in the Caribbean

Authors
item Soto, E -
item Griffin, Matt -
item Verma, A -
item Castillo-Alcala, F -
item Beierschmitt, A -
item Beeler-Marfisi, J -
item Arauz, M -
item Illanes, O -

Submitted to: Comparative Medicine
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: March 16, 2013
Publication Date: October 1, 2013
Citation: Soto, E., Griffin, M.J., Verma, A., Castillo-Alcala, F., Beierschmitt, A., Beeler-Marfisi, J., Arauz, M., Illanes, O. 2013. An outbreak of Yersinia enterocolitica in a captive colony of African green monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops sabaeus) in the Caribbean. Comparative Medicine. 63(5):439-444.

Interpretive Summary: This manuscript describes the first isolation and characterization of Y. enterocolitica as the causative agent of fatal enteric disease in primates in the Caribbean.

Technical Abstract: Yersinia enterocolitica is a zoonotic gram-negative pathogen that causes mesenteric lymphadenitis, terminal ileitis, acute gastroenteritis, and septicemia in domestic animals and primates. In 2012, 46 captive African green monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops sabaeus) died during an outbreak of acutely fatal enteric disease over a period of 1 mo on the island of St Kitts. The affected monkeys presented with a history of mucohemorrhagic diarrhea, marked dehydration, and depression. Fifteen bacterial isolates were recovered from the spleen, liver, and lungs of affected monkeys. All isolates were identified as Y. enterocolitica by biochemical analysis and sequence comparison of the 16S rRNA gene. Phenotypic and genotypic analysis of the recovered isolates revealed homogeneity among the recovered bacteria, and all isolates gave a random amplified polymorphic DNA pattern resembling that given by genotype D under serotypes O:7,8. This outbreak represents the first isolation and characterization of Y. enterocolitica as the causative agent of fatal enteric disease in primates in the Caribbean.

Last Modified: 9/23/2014
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