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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Integrated Aquatic Animal Health Strategies

Location: Aquatic Animal Health Research

Title: Live attenuated bacterial vaccines in aquaculture

Authors
item Klesius, Phillip
item Wei Pridgeon, Yuping

Submitted to: Aquaculture Conference Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: May 30, 2012
Publication Date: September 1, 2012
Citation: Klesius, P.H., Wei Pridgeon, Y. 2012. Live attenuated bacterial vaccines in aquaculture. Proceedings of 2nd Symposium on Animal Health at Embrapa. p. 1-13.

Technical Abstract: Aquaculture is emerging as the fastest growing food-producing industry in the world due to the increasing demand for food fish consumption. However, the intensive culture of food fish has led to outbreaks of various bacterial diseases, resulting in annual economic losses to the aquaculture industry estimated at billions of dollars worldwide. Feeding infected fish with antibiotic medicated food is a general practice. However, such practice has led to resistance development in bacterial pathogens to the antibiotics used, resulting in a higher dose of antibiotics required for effective control, which is increasingly of public concern. Therefore, alternatives to antibiotics that give similar or enhanced protection to aquatic animals are urgently needed. Various vaccines have been developed recently to combat bacterial diseases in aquaculture. The focus of this paper is the development of vaccines as alternatives to antibiotics to protect aquatic animals from these bacterial diseases.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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