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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: HOST PLANT RESISTANCE AND OTHER MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR NEMATODES IN COTTON AND PEANUT

Location: Crop Protection and Management Research

Title: Utilizing management zones for Rotylenchulus reniformis in cotton: Effects on nematode levels, crop damage, and Pasteuria sp

Authors
item Davis, Richard
item Aryal, S -
item Perry, C -
item Sulivan, D -
item Timper, Patricia
item Ortiz, B -
item Stevenson, K -
item Vellidis, G -
item Hawkins, G -

Submitted to: Society of Nematologists
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 1, 2013
Publication Date: January 15, 2014
Citation: Davis, R.F., Aryal, S.K., Perry, C.D., Sulivan, D.G., Timper, P., Ortiz, B.V., Stevenson, K.L., Vellidis, G., Hawkins, G. 2014. Utilizing management zones for Rotylenchulus reniformis in cotton: Effects on nematode levels, crop damage, and Pasteuria sp. Society of Nematologists. 45:287.

Technical Abstract: Nematode management zones (MZs) based on soil electrical conductivity (EC, a proxy for soil texture) have not been published for R. reniformis. We tested 1) whether R. reniformis levels and the amount of damage caused to cotton differed among MZs, 2) if the relative effectiveness of nematicides differed among MZs, and 3) whether the prevalence of Pasteuria sp. on R. reniformis differed among MZs and nematicide treatments. A field with Dothan loamy sand and Nankin loamy sand soil types was divided into three MZs where MZ3 had sandier soil than MZ1 or MZ2, which were the same, and MZ2 had higher elevation than MZ1 or MZ3, which were the same. Levels of R. reniformis near planting in plots not receiving nematicide averaged 1342 (per 150 cm3 soil) in 2008, 610 in 2009, and 869 in 2010. Both soil texture and elevation influenced R. reniformis population levels with greater reproduction in finer-textured soil and reduced R. reniformis levels at higher elevation. Treatment effects on R. reniformis levels were the same in all MZs (no MZ × treatment interactions). The effects of texture and elevation on yield were similar to the effects on nematode levels. We observed endospores of Pasteuria sp., a bacterial parasite of nematodes, on R. reniformis at the field site used for this study. Pasteuria sp. generally had greater spore attachment to juvenile R. reniformis than to adults with no differences among MZs in percentage of nematodes with endospores, but the number of spores per nematode was lower in MZ3, which had the greatest sand content. The percentage of R. reniformis with endospores and the number of attached endospores were reduced by 1,3-dichloropropene + aldicarb. We documented that R. reniformis levels are affected by modest differences in soil texture and elevation, but levels of R. reniformis were above the action threshold in all MZs, therefore a uniform rate of nematicide would have been recommended and there would have been no cost savings from utilizing MZs in this field.

Last Modified: 10/21/2014
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