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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: INTEGRATED APPROACHES FOR IMPROVING AQUATIC ANIMAL HEALTH IN COOL AND COLD WATER AQUACULTURE

Location: Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture Research

Title: Vaccination against salmonid bacterial kidney disease

Authors
item Elliott, Diane -
item Wiens, Gregory
item Hammell, K. Larry -
item Rhodes, Linda -

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: August 28, 2013
Publication Date: March 7, 2014
Citation: Elliott, D.G., Wiens, G.D., Hammell, K., Rhodes, L.D. 2014. Vaccination against salmonid bacterial kidney disease. In: Gudding, R., Lillehaug, A., Evensen, O., editors. Fish Vaccination. 1st edition. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons, Ltd. p. 255-272.

Technical Abstract: Bacterial kidney disease (BKD) of salmonid fishes, caused by Renibacterium salmoninarum, has presented challenges for development of effective vaccines, despite several decades of research. The only vaccine against BKD that is commercially licensed is an injectable preparation containing live cells of Arthrobacter davidanieli (proposed nomenclature), a nonpathogenic environmental bacterium with a relatively close phylogenetic relationship to R. salmoninarum. The stimulatory effect of the live vaccine is believed to be associated with an Arthrobacter surface carbohydrate that is similar to the exopolysaccaride of R. salmoninarum. Significant protection of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) against BKD, but limited or no protection of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) against the disease, has been observed following intraperitoneal injection of the vaccine. Further research is needed for development of more efficacious BKD vaccines for a wider range of salmonid species.

Last Modified: 12/19/2014
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