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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: PRACTICES TO PROTECT WATER QUALITY AND CONSERVE SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES IN AGRONOMIC AND HORTICULTURAL SYSTEMS IN THE NORTH CENTRAL US

Location: Soil and Water Management Research

Title: Re-analysis of experiments to quantify irreversibility of pesticide sorption-desorption in soil

Authors
item Suddaby, Laura -
item Beulke, Sabine -
item Van Beinum, Wendy -
item Celis, Rafael -
item Koskinen, William
item Brown, Colin -

Submitted to: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: February 6, 2013
Publication Date: February 6, 2013
Citation: Suddaby, L.A., Beulke, S., van Beinum, W., Celis, R., Koskinen, W.C., Brown, C.D. 2013. Re-analysis of experiments to quantify irreversibility of pesticide sorption-desorption in soil. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 61(9):2033-2038.

Interpretive Summary: Accurate prediction of the behaviour of pesticides in the environment relies on robust understanding of their interactions with soil. Sorption is a key process in soil that influences pesticide efficacy as well as availability for runoff, leaching, degradation and uptake into non-target organisms. Here, we propose a three-site model to re-analyse the experimental data. The model adds a slow but reversible binding on non-equilibrium sorption sites in addition to instantaneously reversible sites and irreversible sites. The model was able to match experimental data very closely, but only if irreversible sorption was assumed to be absent. In particular, asymmetry in the binding of 12C- and 14C-pesticide was explained on the basis of non-attainment of sorption equilibrium over the study period. Results suggest that truly irreversible sorption may be less significant than previously considered with important implications for understanding the fate of pesticides in applied to soil. The new information obtained using this approach, effectively confirms the need for scientists to include time-dependent sorption in sorption modelling.

Technical Abstract: Previously published research has used an isotope-exchange technique to measure irreversibility of pesticide adsorption-desorption in soil. Results have indicated significant irreversibility (6-51%) in the sorption in five pesticide-soil systems measured over 72 hours. Here, we propose a three-site model to re-analyse the experimental data. The model adds a slow but reversible binding on non-equilibrium sorption sites in addition to instantaneously reversible sites and irreversible sites. The model was able to match experimental data very closely, but only if irreversible sorption was assumed to be absent. In particular, asymmetry in the binding of 12C- and 14C-pesticide was explained on the basis of non-attainment of sorption equilibrium over the study period. Results suggest that truly irreversible sorption may be less significant than previously considered with important implications for understanding the fate of pesticides in applied to soil.

Last Modified: 8/27/2014