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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: PROTECTION OF SUBTROPICAL AND TROPICAL AGRICULTURE COMMODITIES AND ORNAMENTALS FROM EXOTIC INSECTS

Location: Subtropical Horticulture Research

Title: Adventures in Fruit Fly Attractants – Multiple Phases of Bob Heath’s Research to Develop the Food-based Attractant for Tropical Tephritids

Author
item Epsky, Nancy

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 12, 2012
Publication Date: July 24, 2012
Citation: Epsky, N.D. 2012. Adventures in Fruit Fly Attractants – Multiple Phases of Bob Heath’s Research to Develop the Food-based Attractant for Tropical Tephritids. Meeting Abstract. 2012 Annual Florida Entomologist Society Meeting, July 25 - 28, 2012, Jupiter, Fl.

Interpretive Summary: Research was initiated in 1991 to develop a dry trap with female-targeted synthetic attractant for tropical tephritids to replace glass McPhail traps and liquid protein baits that had been the standard for over thirty years. Both the male-produced pheromone and the liquid protein baits were to be evaluated as sources of attractant chemicals, and an overview of the planned approach was presented at the FL Ent Soc meeting that year. This research have resulted in a dry trap, named Phase Four trap by the end users and in use currently in Guatemala and Mexico; a three component food-based synthetic lure, which is used worldwide for the Mediterranean fruit fly; and a two component lure for Anastrepha spp. fruit flies. This presentation summarizes the steps, categorized into phases as defined by Bob Heath, in the development of these ARS-patented products as well as the extension of this research into development of attract-and-kill bait stations for fruit fly control.

Technical Abstract: Research was initiated in 1991 to develop a dry trap with female-targeted synthetic attractant for tropical tephritids to replace glass McPhail traps and liquid protein baits that had been the standard for over thirty years. Both the male-produced pheromone and the liquid protein baits were to be evaluated as sources of attractant chemicals, and an overview of the planned approach was presented at the FL Ent Soc meeting that year. This research have resulted in a dry trap, named Phase Four trap by the end users and in use currently in Guatemala and Mexico; a three component food-based synthetic lure, which is used worldwide for the Mediterranean fruit fly; and a two component lure for Anastrepha spp. fruit flies. This presentation summarizes the steps, categorized into phases as defined by Bob Heath, in the development of these ARS-patented products as well as the extension of this research into development of attract-and-kill bait stations for fruit fly control.

Last Modified: 7/23/2014