MORPHOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR IDENTIFICATION AND SYSTEMATICS OF AGRICULTURALLY IMPORTANT NEMATODES
Location: Nematology Laboratory
Title: The plant-parasitic nematode collections of RRIP: The realization of an ISTC project
Submitted to: Meeting Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: May 26, 2012
Publication Date: July 17, 2012
Citation: Pridannikov, M.V., Chitwood, D.J., Handoo, Z.A., Carta, L.K., Skantar, A.M., Shumilina, D.V., Petelina, G.G. 2012. The plant-parasitic nematode collections of RRIP: The realization of an ISTC project. In: Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference on Immunogenetic Control of Plant Diseases in Agriculture: The Theory and Practice, July 17-21, 2012, Bolshie Vyazemy, Russia. p. 192-200.
Plant-parasitic nematodes are important pests of agricultural and wild plants throughout Russia and the world. The best strategy for management of nematode damage is an integrated approach to the problem: i.e., the use of agrotechnological approaches (crop rotation, soil amendments, etc.), reasonable application of chemical or biological control agents, and breeding of resistant or tolerant crop varieties. Effective application of one or more methods of integrated plant protection is impossible without a deep knowledge of biology, physiology and ecology of these highly complex parasitic organisms. Therefore, collecting plant-parasitic nematodes, permanently storing specimens, and studying their biodiversity is a necessary requirement for determining the influence of nematodes on all the plant phyla. For realization of this task, the Plant-Parasitic Nematode Collection was organized in the Russian Research Institute of Phytopathology (RRIP) through collaboration involving the USDA ARS Nematology Laboratory and with financial support from the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC). During 2007-2012, the following research activities were carried out: more than 2,000 soil and plant samples were collected from 20 regions in Russia, and various nematode species were extracted, identified and mounted on slides; nematode specimens were used to supplement the Collection of the Helminthological Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Plant-Parasitic Nematode Collection of RRIP; a collection of living populations of some important nematode species was established and maintained in a greenhouse; two systems of electronic recordkeeping and digital database management (Helminsys and PACS) were adopted for use in both nematode collections; and more than 15 scientific papers about the biology, physiology and distribution of nematodes in Russia were published.