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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: SUSTAINABLE AGRO-ECOSYSTEMS THAT CONTROL SOIL EROSION AND ENHANCE THE ENVIRONMENT

Location: Wind Erosion and Water Conservation Research

Title: Using Rare Earth Elements (REE) to determine wind-driven soil dispersal from a point source

Authors
item VAN PELT, ROBERT
item Barnes, Melanie -

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: October 21, 2012
Publication Date: October 24, 2012
Citation: Van Pelt, R.S., Barnes, M. 2012. Using Rare Earth Elements (REE) to determine wind-driven soil dispersal from a point source[abstract]. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America. October 21-25, 2012. Cincinnati, OH. Paper No. 401-52.

Technical Abstract: Although erosion of soil by water is a predictably directional process, the erosion of soil by wind is determined by wind direction on an event-wise basis. The wind-driven dispersal patterns of chemical constituents including natural soil components and anthropogenic contaminants are not well understood. We applied a solution of Er(NO3)3 to a 5 m2 (1.26 m radius) circle of soil in the center of a 50 m radius bare flat area of a field. The application resulted in a three order magnitude increase in the soil concentration of Er in the application area. We employed BSNE sampler masts with sampler openings at 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 cm above the soil surface at radii of 5 m, 20 m, and 50 m from the center of the application area. On the 5 m radius circle, the sampler masts were spaced at 60 degree intervals beginning with magnetic north and on the other two circles, the samplers were spaced at 30 degree intervals, resulting in a total of 30 sampler masts. The samplers were collected weekly and the individual sampler catches were oven dried and weighed before being composited by location for acid extraction and subsequent analysis. The extracts were analyzed by ICP and adjusted for volume of extract and weight of sediment extracted to yield Er concentrations on the displaced sediment. The results indicate wind direction and variability are the dominant factors in determining the direction of eroded sediment movement.

Last Modified: 8/19/2014
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