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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ECOLOGICALLY BASED PEST MANAGEMENT IN MODERN CROPPING SYSTEMS

Location: North Central Agricultural Research Laboratory

Title: Spatial variation in sorption and dissipation is herbicide-dependent

Authors
item PAPIERNIK, SHARON
item Oliveira, Rubem -
item Cabrera, Alegria -
item KOSKINEN, WILLIAM

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 17, 2012
Publication Date: August 19, 2012
Citation: Papiernik, S.K., Oliveira, R.S., Cabrera, A., Koskinen, W.C. 2012. Spatial variation in sorption and dissipation is herbicide-dependent. 244th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, August 19-23, 2012, Philadelphia PA. AGRO 6, Picogram vol.82, p.87.

Technical Abstract: In eroded landforms, soil properties that influence herbicide fate are highly variable with landscape position. Understanding the variation in herbicide sorption and dissipation is essential to characterize weed control efficacy and availability for off-site transport. We evaluated the sorption and/or dissipation of 4 herbicides in surface soils from an eroded prairie landform. Soil organic carbon in the eroded upper slope was about half that in the depositional lower slope. Sorption of saflufenacil, aminocyclopyrachlor, and picloram was on average 3-5 times higher in the lower slope than in the upper slope. For these herbicides, sorption coefficients were less variable when normalized to the fraction of organic carbon. Metolachlor showed the same sorption in soils from these landscape positions, despite the large difference in soil properties. Dissipation proceeded at approximately the same rate in both soils. Results emphasize the need for compound- and soil-specific information to enable accurate predictions of pesticide fate.

Last Modified: 9/10/2014
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