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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: INTEGRATED APPROACHES FOR PROTECTION OF ANIMALS FROM VECTOR-BORNE PATHOGENS

Location: Arthropod-Borne Animal Diseases Research

Title: Natural carbon dioxide generation for the attraction of blood feeding arthropods

Authors
item Yarnell, William
item Nayduch, Dana
item Schacht, Matthew -
item Cohnstaedt, Lee

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 30, 2011
Publication Date: July 30, 2011
Repository URL: http://esa.confex.com/esa/2011/webprogram/Paper59477.html
Citation: Yarnell, W.E., Nayduch, D., Schacht, M., Cohnstaedt, L.W. 2011. Natural carbon dioxide generation for the attraction of blood feeding arthropods. Meeting Abstract. 59477.

Technical Abstract: Hematophagous arthropods are attracted to elevated carbon dioxide levels because it is closely associated with host blood meal availability. Bottled gas or frozen (dry ice) carbon dioxide are commonly used in surveillance programs and field collection techniques to increase the number of species and individuals collected. Both methods are costly, cumbersome, and often difficult to find in close proximity to sampling locations. Therefore a natural method of producing carbon dioxide is necessary. Presented here are optimal recipes (sugar, water, and microorganisms) for prolonged carbon dioxide production under various environmental conditions. Bacteria varieties and additives are discussed for their abilities to prolong and improve consistency of the carbon dioxide released. Lastly, a novel seal is presented which allows for carbon dioxide release while maintaining the anaerobic environment.

Last Modified: 8/27/2014