Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: LIVESTOCK LOSSES FROM ABORTIFACIENT AND TERATOGENIC PLANTS

Location: Poisonous Plant Research

Title: Development of a monoclonal antibody-based ELISA for the hedgehog inhibitors cyclopamine and cyclopamine-KAAD

Authors
item LEE, STEPHEN
item PANTER, KIP
item GARDNER, DALE
item GREEN, BENEDICT
item WELCH, KEVIN
item Zhang, Jianjun -
item Change, Cheng-Wei -

Submitted to: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: March 20, 2012
Publication Date: July 1, 2012
Citation: Lee, S.T., Panter, K.E., Gardner, D.R., Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Zhang, J., Change, C.T. 2012. Development of a monoclonal antibody-based ELISA for the hedgehog inhibitors cyclopamine and cyclopamine-KAAD. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis. 66: 282-6.

Interpretive Summary: Cyclopamine was isolated from Veratrum californicum and identified as the teratogen responsible for cyclops in the offspring of sheep grazing on mountain ranges in central Idaho. More recently, cyclopamine was found to be active against several types of cancer. Thus, cyclopamine and cyclopamine derivatives have been targeted as potential pharmaceutical treatments for certain cancers. A monoclonal antibody-based competitive inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to detect and measure cyclopamine and cyclopamine derivatives in biological samples. The limits of detection of the assay for cyclopamine and cyclopamine-KAAD were 2.9 pg and 0.41 pg, respectively. This assay was also found to be useful for the detection and measurement of cyclopamine in sera from mice that had been dosed with cyclopamine. The simple ELISA method described demonstrates the potential of using this technique for the rapid screening of biological samples for the presence and levels of cyclopamine and other cyclopamine derivatives with anticancer potential.

Technical Abstract: Cyclopamine was isolated from Veratrum californicum and identified as the teratogen responsible for severe craniofacial birth defects including cyclops in the offspring of sheep grazing on mountain ranges in central Idaho. More recently, cyclopamine was found to inhibit the hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway which plays a critical role in embryonic development and is implicated in several types of cancer. Thus, cyclopamine and cyclopamine derivatives have been targeted as potential pharmaceutical treatments for certain cancers and other diseases associated with the Hh signaling pathway. A monoclonal antibody-based competitive inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was developed to detect and measure cyclopamine and cyclopamine derivatives in biological samples. The limits of detection of the assay for cyclopamine, cyclopamine-KAAD, and compound (11) were 2.9 pg, 0.41 pg and 2.6 pg, respectively. This assay was also found to be useful for the detection and measurement of cyclopamine in sera from mice that had been injected with cyclopamine. The simple ELISA method described herein demonstrates the potential of using these techniques for the rapid screening of biological samples for the presence and levels of cyclopamine and other cyclopamine derivatives that are Hh inhibitors with anticancer potential.

Last Modified: 9/29/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page