Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: THE TOXICITY OF PYRROLIZIDINE ALKALOID-CONTAINING PLANTS AND OTHER HEPATOTOXIC AND NEUROTOXIC PLANTS

Location: Poisonous Plant Research

Title: Identifying plant poisoning in livestock: Diagnostic approaches and laboratory tests

Author
item Stegelmeier, Bryan

Submitted to: Veterinary Clinics of North America
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: April 9, 2011
Publication Date: July 1, 2011
Citation: Stegelmeier, B.L. 2011. Identifying plant poisoning in livestock: Diagnostic approaches and laboratory tests. Veterinary Clinics of North America. 27(2): 407-17.

Interpretive Summary: Plant poisoning is often associated with a variety of livestock diseases and unexplained animal deaths. Although toxic plants commonly poison livestock and it is estimated to cost the livestock industry in the western United States more than $340 million every year, obtaining a definitive diagnosis is difficult and challenging. The purpose of this paper is to provide a framework to help veterinarians and diagnosticians make an accurate definitive diagnosis of plant poisoning. We provide suggestions for investigating and sampling field cases of suspected plant poisoning, where and how to analyze diagnostic samples, and for integrating information and recruiting appropriate expertise.

Technical Abstract: Plant poisoning is often associated with a variety of livestock diseases and unexplained animal deaths. Although toxic plants commonly poison livestock and it is estimated to cost the livestock industry in the western United States more than $340 million every year, obtaining a definitive diagnosis is difficult and challenging. The purpose of this paper is to provide a framework to help veterinarians and diagnosticians make an accurate definitive diagnosis of plant poisoning. We provide suggestions for investigating and sampling field cases of suspected plant poisoning, where and how to analyze diagnostic samples, and for integrating information and recruiting appropriate expertise.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page