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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IMPROVING ALFALFA AND OTHER FORAGE CROPS FOR BIOENERGY, LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION, AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Location: Plant Science Research

Title: Grazing management and ecosystem health

Authors
item Russelle, Michael
item Franzluebbers, Alan
item Lory, John -

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 21, 2011
Publication Date: July 22, 2011
Citation: Russelle, M.P., Franzluebbers, A.J., Lory, J.A. 2011. Grazing management and ecosystem health [abstract]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA 2011 International Annual Meeting, October 16-19, 2011, San Antonio, Texas. Abstract No. 69722. Available: http://a-c-s.confex.com/crops/2011am/webprogram/Paper69722.

Technical Abstract: Herbivore activity interacts with weather and vegetation to markedly affect soil condition, biotic activity, and nutrient cycling in pasture and range. In turn, soil condition regulates the impact of environment on nutrient cycling, vegetation, herd or flock management, and animal productivity. There is a broad and deep literature on the impact of grazing on soil, but very little is available on ultra high-intensity stocking (mob grazing). In this presentation, we synthesize what is known based on empirical data (e.g., responses of biotic activity and nutrient cycling to grazing frequency and intensity) and theoretical relationships (e.g., the interaction of soil texture, cover, and water content on soil compaction by domestic livestock). We then suggest research priorities and approaches to understanding how this system of grazing management influences soil physical, chemical, and biological properties and nutrient movement and utilization.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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