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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ENHANCED MIDWESTERN CROPPING SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINABILITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY Title: Water and salt extractable organic matter as affected by soil depth and tillage system

Authors
item Razavy-Toosi, Ehsan -
item Castellano, Michael -
item Mitchell, David -
item Singer, Jeremy

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: October 16, 2011
Publication Date: October 19, 2011
Citation: Toosi, E.R., Castellano, M.J., Mitchell, D., Singer, J.W. 2011. Water and salt extractable organic matter as affected by soil depth and tillage system. American Society of Agronomy Annual Meetings [abstracts]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting. Oct. 16-19, 2011, San Antonio, TX. CD-ROM.

Technical Abstract: Soluble organic matter (OM) has been suggested to reflect shifts in soil management. We characterized the pool size and properties of soluble OM along a soil profile to 125 cm in a maize-based agricultural system that was managed under conventional tillage (CT) and no-tillage (NT) systems for 23 years. Water extractable organic matter (WEOM) and salt extractable organic matter (SEOM) were obtained in a sequential extraction procedure using dilute (CaCl2) and concentrated salt (K2SO4) solutions, respectively. WEOM and SEOM were characterized using XAD resin fractionation, specific UV absorption (SUVA254) and a humification index (HI). The pool size (C and N) of SOM, WEOM and SEOM declined with increasing soil depth. The pool sizes (C and N) of WEOM were lower in CT than NT soils along the soil profile. While the proportion of hydrophilic-C increased, the proportion of more humified and aromatic OM of WEOM and SEOM decreased with soil depth. The proportion of SOM that was recoverable as WEOM and SEOM increased with soil depth and was positively related to CaCO3 content of the soil. WEOM has been of less interest in long-term management studies due to its high spatial/temporal variability. On the other hand, the observed influence of tillage on the properties of SEOM, in addition to the strong relationship between C and N concentrations and C/N ratio of SEOM with those of SOM suggest that the properties of SEOM can be monitored to reflect effects of tillage management on soil, with evidence suggesting further decomposition of SEOM in soils under conventional tillage.

Last Modified: 9/22/2014
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