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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: LANDSCAPE-BASED CROP MANAGEMENT FOR FOOD, FEED, AND BIOENERGY

Location: Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research

Title: Are soil carbon models transferable across distinct regions or scales in Florida?

Authors
item Xiong, Xiong -
item Grunwald, Sabine -
item Myers, David
item Harris, Willie -
item Stoppe, Aja -
item Comerford, Nicholas -

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 20, 2011
Publication Date: October 16, 2011
Citation: Xiong, X., Grunwald, S., Myers, D.B., Harris, W., Stoppe, A., Comerford, N. 2011. Are soil carbon models transferable across distinct regions or scales in Florida? [abstract]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual International Meeting, October 16-19, 2011, San Antonio, Texas. 262-8.

Technical Abstract: Some Florida soils have great capacity to accumulate carbon due to unique geographical and topographical conditions (high net primary productivity, precipitation, high water table, and flat topography). Soil carbon models have been used to quantify the carbon pools usually at a specific scale or in a specific region and our knowledge on the transfer behavior of soil carbon models across regions and scales (regional and state scale) is still limited. Our objectives were to: 1) explore the transferability of soil carbon models developed in one geographic region to another; 2) explore the transferability of soil carbon models developed at state scale to regional scales and vice versa; 3) identify the factors that may impact the transferability of models. We used 1014 soil samples (0-20 cm) collected across the State of Florida. The sampling design followed the stratified-random scheme using mainly two major strata (land cover/land use and soil suborder) due to their strong influences on soil organic carbon (SOC) across the state. Total carbon (TC) was determined by combustion using a carbon analyzer. Inorganic carbon (IC) was derived by phosphoric acid extraction at 200°C. SOC was derived by subtracting IC from TC and carbon stocks were derived using observed bulk density values. Various layers of environmental factors were compiled using ArcGIS. The State of Florida was divided into four regions, i.e., Panhandle, Northern, Central and Southern Florida which generally represent distinct soil taxonomy, ecoregions, geographical and climatic conditions. Statistical and geostatistical methods were used to characterize and compare the variation and spatial patterns of SOC in different regions and at different scales (regional and state scale) using SOC observations and ancillary environmental data. Comparison and cross-application of models were conducted to evaluate the model transferability and identify the major environmental factors that influence the transferability. Results revealed transferability across regions and scales varied case by case and identified the possible causes to the different transferability.

Last Modified: 10/24/2014
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