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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Efficient Management and Use of Animal Manure to Protect Human Health and Environmental Quality

Location: Food Animal Environmental Systems Research Unit

Title: Attenuation of Escherichia Coli in a biochar-amended soil

Authors
item Abit Jr, Sergio
item Bolster, Carl

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 1, 2011
Publication Date: October 17, 2011
Citation: Abit Jr, S.M., Bolster, C.H. 2011. Attenuation of Escherichia Coli in a biochar-amended soil. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. Abstract.

Technical Abstract: Advances in research on biochar have highlighted its tremendous potential for mitigating climate change, improving soil properties, and reducing chemical pollution of soils and groundwater. However, studies that evaluate its potential in treating bacterial contaminants are lacking. This study evaluated the attenuation of Escherichia coli in soils amended with various rates of biochars that were produced by high temperature and by low temperature pyrolysis. Biochars from poultry litter pyrolyzed at 700oC and at 350oC were separately mixed with a loamy sand to produce 2% and 10% biochar-soil mixtures. Along with an unamended loamy sand control, the mixtures were packed in separate 2.5 cm-diameter by 15 cm-high glass columns and saturated with 1mM KCl. Roughly a pore volume of bacterial suspension (107 cell mL-1) of two E. coli isolates with contrasting surface properties were then separately injected into the saturated columns and leached with ~3 pore volumes of 1mM KCl. Effluent bacterial concentrations reveal that mixing biochar pyrolyzed at 350oC to loamy sand at rates of 2% and 10% did not result in significant attenuation of E. coli. The same was observed for the 2% mixture using biochar pyrolyzed at 700oC. However, the 10% mixture using 700oC biochar resulted in at least five orders of magnitude reduction in effluent bacterial concentration compared to the control. Surface properties seemed to influence the degree of sorption of E. coli in the 2% biochar-soil mixture wherein the strain with lower hydrophobicity and a zeta potential closer to neutral were attenuated more effectively. In contrast, the difference in surface properties did not lead to any difference in attenuation of E coli in the 10% biochar-soil mixture. The pyrolysis temperature employed in biochar production significantly influences its efficacy in treating bacteria.

Last Modified: 9/23/2014