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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: DEVELOPMENT OF APPROACHES TO PREVENT AND AMELIORATE DISEASES OF CATFISH

Location: Warmwater Aquaculture Research Unit

Title: Efficacy of florfenicol for control of mortality caused by Flavobacterium columnare infection in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus

Authors
item Gaunt, P -
item Gao, D -
item Sun, F -
item Endris, R -

Submitted to: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: March 14, 2010
Publication Date: June 23, 2010
Citation: Gaunt, P.S., Gao, D., Sun, F., Endris, R. 2010. Efficacy of florfenicol for control of mortality caused by Flavobacterium columnare infection in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. 22:115-122.

Interpretive Summary: The efficacy of florfenical for the management of mortalities due to Flavobacterium columnare was studied. It was found that florfenicol at a dosage of 10 mg/kg body weight for 10 d was efficacious and safe for the control of mortality from F. columnare infection in channel catfish

Technical Abstract: The efficacy of florfenicol against infection by the bacterium Flavobacterium columnare was studied in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus fingerlings held in 80-L aquaria. Nonabraded fish were challenged by immersion on day 0. Thirty 80-L tanks were randomly assigned in equal numbers to two treatment groups, one in which fish were fed a commercial diet without florfenicol (unmedicated feed) and one in which they were fed a diet containing 10 mg of florfenicol/kg of body weight (medicated feed) for ten consecutive days. Mortality was monitored during the treatment period and a 14-d posttreatment observation period. At the end of the posttreatment period, all fish were euthanized, examined for gross lesions, and cultured for F. columnare. Significantly fewer fish fed the medicated diet died (8.0%) than fish fed the unmedicated diet (54.2%). Flavobacterium columnare was cultured from 15.0% of the medicated fish, compared with 68.9% of the unmedicated fish. The gross lesions in the fish were consistent with columnaris disease, and F. columnare was cultured from 99.5% of the dead fish. No differences were observed in weight gain and appetence between the medicated and unmedicated groups. For the F. columnare strain used in this study, the minimal inhibitory concentration of florfenicol ranged from 0.5 to 1.0 mg/mL in the 30 bacterial cultures obtained from infected fish, and the mean disk diffusion zone of inhibition was 40 mm. There were no adverse effects among the medicated fish. Administration of florfenicol at a dosage of 10 mg/kg body weight for 10 d was efficacious and safe for the control of mortality from F. columnare infection in channel catfish.

Last Modified: 12/18/2014
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