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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Dietary Guidelines Adherence and Healthy Body Weight Maintenance Title: A comparison of the accuracy of self reported intake vs. measured intake of a laboratory overeating episode in obese women with and without binge eating disorder

Authors
item Bartholome, Lindsay -
item Peterson, Roseann -
item Raatz, Susan
item Raymond, Nancy -

Submitted to: European Journal of Nutrition
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: January 10, 2012
Publication Date: February 1, 2013
Repository URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/58073
Citation: Bartholome, L.T., Peterson, R.E., Raatz, S.K., Raymond, N.C. 2013. A comparison of the accuracy of self reported intake vs. measured intake of a laboratory overeating episode in obese women with and without binge eating disorder. European Journal of Nutrition. 52(1):193-202.

Interpretive Summary: It is unknown whether individuals with binge eating disorder (BED) actually consume more calories than individuals who are obese but not binge eaters. In order to assess the difference between in dietary intake between obese binge and non-binge eaters we evaluated dietary intake and energy needs in binge eaters and controls. Fifteen women fulfilling BED criteria and 17 controls participated in a multiple item over eating episode and completed a 24-hour dietary recall interview. BED participants consumed significantly more total kcal. Those with BED consumed significantly more calories per unit of body weight. Our findings confirm that those with BED consume significantly more than controls during a laboratory binge and controls are more accurate in recalling their intake 24 hours later.

Technical Abstract: The purpose was to: 1) Confirm that those with binge eating disorder (BED) consume significantly more kilocalories (kcal) than obese controls when instructed to overeat in the laboratory and 2) Compare dietary recall data with measured intake. Methods: Fifteen women fulfilling BED criteria and 17 controls participated in a multiple item over eating episode and completed a 24-hour dietary recall interview. Results: BED participants consumed significantly more total kcal according to both methodologies. The BED group self-reported 90% of the measured intake compared to 98% for the control group. Mean differences between the two methods indicated that on average both groups under-reported intake, however the mean difference between methods was significantly greater in the BED group. Those with BED consumed significantly more kcal per BMI. Discussion: Findings confirm that those with BED consume significantly more than controls during a laboratory binge and controls are more accurate in recalling their intake 24 hours later.

Last Modified: 8/22/2014
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