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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: MOLECULAR, CELLULAR, AND REGULATORY ASPECTS OF NUTRITIONAL METABOLISM DURING CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT

Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

Title: Arginase II reduces arginine availability and nitric oxide production during endotoxemia

Authors
item Marini, Juan -
item Didelija, Inka -
item Lee, Brendan -

Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 5, 2010
Publication Date: April 6, 2011
Citation: Marini, J.C., Didelija, I.C., Lee, B. 2011. Arginase II reduces arginine availability and nitric oxide production during endotoxemia [abstract]. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference. 25:983.20.

Technical Abstract: Arginase is the main pathway for arginine (Arg) disposal and it has been reported that it regulates intracellular Arg availability for nitric oxide (NO) synthesis during endotoxemia. To test the hypothesis that arginase II not only regulates intracellular, but also whole body Arg availability, a multitracer study was conducted in conscious wild type (WT) and arginase II ko (ArgII-/-) mice after a dose of LPS (7 mg/kg). LPS reduced the rate of appearance (Ra) of Arg in WT mice by approximately 40% (P<0.001), but had no effect in ArgII-/- animals when compared to saline treated mice. Ra phenylalanine was unchanged (P>0.22) indicating that there was no difference in whole body protein degradation among genotypes and treatments. De novo Arg synthesis was reduced (P<0.001) by approximately 50% in LPS treated WT mice, but was unaffected in ArgII-/- animals. NO production in LPS treated ArgII-/- mice was 2 fold greater than in their WT counterparts (14 vs 7 umol/kg-1/h-1; P < 0.001). In a follow up study, Ra Arg was clamped in LPS treated WT mice by infusing Arg i.v. to match the Ra Arg of the ArgII-/- mice. Despite similar Ra Arg between the two genotypes, NO production in ArgII-/- mice was 1.6 fold greater than in WT mice (P<0.002). Arginase II reduces NO synthesis by decreasing whole body availability of Arg (reducing Ra arginine and de novo Arg synthesis), as well as by the intracellular mechanisms previously described.

Last Modified: 7/25/2014
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