Commercialization of New Industrial Crop Germplasm and Cropping Systems
Location: Plant Physiology and Genetics Research
Title: Registration of ‘Titan’ Peanut
| Balota, Maria - |
| Mozingo, R - |
| Coffelt, Terry |
| Isleib, Thomas - |
| Beahm, Bruce - |
| Pittman, Hugh - |
| Bryant, F - |
| Copeland, P - |
| Daughtrey, C - |
| Kennedy, B - |
Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: April 26, 2011
Publication Date: September 1, 2011
Citation: Balota, M., Mozingo, R.W., Coffelt, T.A., Isleib, T.G., Beahm, B.R., Pittman, H.G., Bryant, F.S., Copeland, P.A., Daughtrey, C.J., Kennedy, B.C. 2011. Registration of ‘Titan’ peanut. Journal of Plant Registrations. 5(3):266-272.
Interpretive Summary: From 1995 to 2002, the U.S. federal support price for peanuts decreased 47% forcing farmers to grow other crops and reducing peanut acreage in Virginia from more than 100,000 ha in 1995 to 12,000 ha in 2010. One way farmers maintain profitability is to grow Virginia-type peanuts which receive a premium for super-extra-large kernels, extra-large kernels, and jumbo pods. Scientists at Virginia tech University, N.C. State University, and USDA-ARS developed and released a new peanut cultivar, Titan with an exceptionally high content of jumbo pods, super extra large kernels, and extra large kernels. Titan is well suited for in-shell peanut, gourmet, and green boiling products. The release of Titan will help meet the demand for larger peanuts needed by the gourmet,in-shell, and green-boiling industries.
‘Titan’ (Reg. no. CV- , PI ) virginia-type peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea var. hypogaea), developed and tested as VT 9506083-3 by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, was released in May 2010. In Virginia, Titan was tested from 1997 to 2005 at several locations throughout the peanut growing area. In 2007 and 2008, it was tested in Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina in the Peanut Variety and Quality Evaluation (PVQE) trials. Titan is an extra large-seeded peanut with an exceptionally high content of jumbo pods and super extra large kernels (SELK) in all tests performed from 1997 to 2008. It has the largest jumbo pod content of any cultivar available at this time with values ranging from 69 to 97% in all tests. Titan had 36 to 60% SELK content with seeds averaging 1437 mg seed-1. Because of these characteristics, Titan is well suited for in-shell peanut, gourmet, and green boiling products. In average, Titan produced 4700 kg ha-1 pod yield, and was moderate susceptible to Cylindrocladium black rot (CBR) caused by C. parasiticum Crous, M.J. Wingf. & Alfenas, Sclerotinia blight (SB) caused by S. minor Jagger, and tomato spotted wilt (TSW) caused by Tomato spotted wilt Tospovirus.