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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS THAT DETERMINE CROP RESPONSE TO IRRIGATION, DISEASE AND PRODUCTION PRACTICES

Location: Peanut Research

Title: Registration of ‘AU-1101’ peanut

Authors
item Chen, Charles
item Harvey, Ernest -
item Lamb, Marshall
item Touchton, Joseph -

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 23, 2012
Publication Date: July 20, 2012
Citation: Chen, C.Y., Harvey, E., Lamb, M.C., Touchton, J. 2012. Registration of ‘AU-1101’ peanut. Journal of Plant Registrations. 7:18-21.

Interpretive Summary: AU-1101’ is a large-seeded virginia-type peanut with high yield and medium maturity, uniform pod size and shape, high grade, superior shelling characters, low oil content, normal oleic acid content, and good flavor. AU-1101 was developed through pedigree selection. AU-1101 was tested under the experimental designation Exp3-1114 and was released by the Alabama Crop Improvement Association in 2011. AU-1101 was tested by the USDA-ARS National Peanut Research Laboratory in West Texas and the Uniform Peanut Performance Tests as a local option. AU-1101 has an alternate branching pattern, an intermediate runner growth habit, green foliage, and high percentage of fancy pods and large virginia-type seeds. It has an even distribution of extra large kernel and medium size kernel.

Technical Abstract: AU-1101’ (Reg. No. CV-xxx, PI 661498) is a large-seeded virginia-type peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea var. hypogaea) with high yield and medium maturity, uniform pod size and shape, high grade, superior shelling characters, low oil content, normal oleic acid content, and good flavor. AU-1101 was developed through pedigree selection. AU-1101 was tested under the experimental designation Exp3-1114 and was released by the Alabama Crop Improvement Association (ACIA) in 2011. AU-1101 was tested by the USDA-ARS National Peanut Research Laboratory in West Texas and the Uniform Peanut Performance Tests as a local option. AU-1101 has an alternate branching pattern, an intermediate runner growth habit, green foliage, and high percentage of fancy pods and large virginia-type seeds. It has an even distribution of 39% extra large kernel and 35% medium size kernel. The seeds have pink testa color and average weights of extra large kernel and medium kernel were 1050 mg seed-1 and 721 mg seed -1, respectively. Approximately 82% of the pods grades as fancy.

Last Modified: 9/2/2014
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