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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: PATHOGEN FATE AND TRANSPORT IN IRRIGATION WATERS

Location: Environmental Microbial and Food Safety Laboratory

Title: Modeling rainfall-induced release of manure constituents from surface-applied liquid dairy manure

Authors
item Guber, Andrey
item Pachepsky, Yakov
item Shelton, Daniel

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 13, 2011
Publication Date: October 14, 2011
Citation: Guber, A.K., Pachepsky, Y.A., Shelton, D.R. 2011. Modeling rainfall-induced release of manure constituents from surface-applied liquid dairy manure. [abstract]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting. Paper No. 67329.

Technical Abstract: Release kinetics of manure constituents (MC) is an important mechanism affecting overland and subsurface transport of manure-borne contaminants. Present release models adequately describe the rainfall-induced release of MC from surface-applied solid manure, but these models are not applicable for liquid manure because they do not account for the manure infiltration into the soil. Our objective was to develop and test a model for release of MC from liquid manure applied on vegetated soil surface. Manure was applied onto five 40 x 25 cm runoff boxes that were filled with the commercial turfgrass sod and tilted to create 4% slope. The boxes were irrigated for 90 min, and runoff was analyzed for chloride, fecal coliforms, enterococci, and water-soluble phosphorus. Runoff from the boxes ranged from 9% to 47% of total irrigation, and resulted in bacteria recovery from 1% to 21% and soluble MC from 0.6% to 15% with runoff water. The Bradford-Schijven release model was modified to account for the decrease of manure mass with time due to infiltration of liquid phase into the soil. Both original and modified models were fitted to the experimental data. Substantially more accurate results were obtained with the modified model.

Last Modified: 4/16/2014
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