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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: MANAGEMENT OF INSECTS THAT ATTACK HORTICULTURAL, TURF, AND NURSERY CROPS

Location: Application Technology Research Unit

Title: Comparative efficacy of plant-derived essential oils for managing Ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytiniae) and their corresponding mass spectral characterization

Authors
item Ranger, Christopher
item Reding, Michael
item Oliver, Jason -
item Schultz, Peter -
item Moyseenko, James
item Youssef, Nadeer -

Submitted to: Journal of Economic Entomology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: May 5, 2011
Publication Date: October 1, 2011
Repository URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/53905
Citation: Ranger, C.M., Reding, M.E., Oliver, J., Schultz, P., Moyseenko, J.J., Youssef, N. 2011. Comparative efficacy of plant-derived essential oils for managing Ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytiniae) and their corresponding mass spectral characterization. Journal of Economic Entomology. 104(5):1665-1674.

Interpretive Summary: Ambrosia beetles pose a significant challenge to producers of ornamental nursery stock. Conventional insecticides are commonly used for management purposes, but botanical formulations may also discourage ambrosia beetles from initiating attacks. In order to identify promising formulations, field-based efficacy trials were conducted in Ohio, USA in 2009 and 2010 with the following commercially-available botanicals: Armorex (Soil Tech.), Cinnacure (Proguard Inc.), Ecotrol (EcoSMART Tech.), and Veggie Pharm (Pharm Soln.). Based on previous studies, potted Magnolia virginiana L. were first injected with ethanol to increase host attractiveness and ensure ambrosia beetle pressure. Botanical formulations or a water control were then applied and attacks occurring under field conditions were quantified at 1, 4, 7, and 14 days after treatment (DAT). Ambrosia beetle attacks generally increased over time, but at differing rates depending on the particular treatment. In 2009, Veggie Pharm and Armorex were associated with the lowest cumulative attacks 14 DAT. In 2010, Armorex and Cinnacure were associated with the fewest attacks 14 DAT. Volatiles associated with each formulation were analyzed and identified. These experiments assisted with identifying certain botanical formulations with potential for managing ambrosia beetles, along with demonstrating the usefulness of ethanol-injection to ensure pressure on experimental trees. Identifying the volatile compounds associated with bioactive formulations could assist with identifying key components and lead to the development of improved formulations.

Technical Abstract: Ambrosia beetles pose a significant challenge to producers of ornamental nursery stock. Conventional insecticides are commonly used for management purposes, but botanical formulations may also discourage ambrosia beetles from initiating attacks. In order to identify promising formulations, field-based efficacy trials were conducted in Ohio, USA in 2009 and 2010 with the following commercially-available botanicals: Armorex (Soil Tech.), Cinnacure (Proguard Inc.), Ecotrol (EcoSMART Tech.), and Veggie Pharm (Pharm Soln.). Based on previous studies, potted Magnolia virginiana L. were first injected with 75 ml of 5% ethanol to increase host attractiveness and ensure ambrosia beetle pressure. Botanical formulations or a water control were then applied until runoff and attacks occurring under field conditions were quantified at 1, 4, 7, and 14 days after treatment (DAT). Ambrosia beetle attacks generally increased over time, but at differing rates depending on the particular treatment. In 2009, Veggie Pharm and Armorex were associated with the lowest cumulative attacks 14 DAT. In 2010, Armorex and Cinnacure were associated with the fewest attacks 14 DAT. Solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to characterize the volatile organic compounds associated with each formulation. Allyl isothiocyanate, a compound with known repellent and insecticidal properties, was unique and predominant in the comparatively effective Armorex formulation. These experiments assisted with identifying certain botanical formulations with potential for managing ambrosia beetles, along with demonstrating the usefulness of ethanol-injection to ensure pressure on experimental trees under field conditions. Identifying the constituents of bioactive formulations will assist with identifying key components contributing to activity.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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