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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: PECAN CULTIVATION AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT

Location: Fruit and Nut Research

Title: Evaluation of phosphite to control scab on pecan in the southeastern USA

Authors
item BOCK, CLIVE
item Brenneman, Tim -
item HOTCHKISS, MICHAEL
item WOOD, BRUCE

Submitted to: Phytopathology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 6, 2011
Publication Date: June 1, 2011
Citation: Bock, C.H., Brenneman, T.B., Hotchkiss, M.W., Wood, B.W. 2011. Evaluation of phosphite to control scab on pecan in the southeastern USA. Phytopathology. 101:S17.

Interpretive Summary: Pecan scab (caused by Fusicladium effusum) infects pecan and severe disease can cause yield loss. The efficacy of phosphite, an elicitor of systemic acquired resistance (SAR) was evaluated in field experiments in 2009 and 2010. Biweekly applications of phosphite were compared to an industry standard fungicide, triphenyltin hydroxide. Both phosphite and TPTH reduced scab provided equally good control of leaf scab, with the exception of one of the TPTH treatments in 2010. Phosphite and TPTH also gave equally good control of scab early in fruit development (Jul/Aug), but fruit scab severity on phosphite treated trees later in the season was greater than those receiving TPTH. Results indicate that phosphite provides useful control of pecan scab on both foliage and fruit early in the growing season, but does not provide as good prolonged late-season protection compared to an industry standard, TPTH.

Technical Abstract: Pecan scab (caused by Fusicladium effusum) infects pecan and severe disease can cause yield loss. The efficacy of phosphite, an elicitor of systemic acquired resistance (SAR) was evaluated in field experiments in 2009 and 2010. Biweekly applications of phosphite (Prophyt at 2.64 L 1000 L-1 ha-1) were compared to an industry standard fungicide, triphenyltin hydroxide (TPTH, Super-tin at 0.90 L 1000 L-1 ha-1). Both phosphite and TPTH reduced scab provided equally good control of leaf scab, with the exception of one of the TPTH treatments in 2010. Phosphite and TPTH also gave equally good control of scab early in fruit development (Jul/Aug); however, by the final assessment (Sep/Oct), fruit scab severity on phosphite treated trees was greater than those receiving TPTH and in 2010, scab severity was equivalent to the untreated control. There was no difference in fruit volume between phosphite and TPTH-treated plots in 2009, and no difference in nut volume between treatments in 2010, although there were treatment differences in kernel weight and fruit weight in 2010. Results indicate that phosphite provides useful control of pecan scab on both foliage and fruit early in the growing season, but does not provide as good prolonged late-season protection compared to an industry standard, TPTH.

Last Modified: 8/27/2014
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