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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: BIOLOGICAL, BEHAVIORAL, AND PHYSICAL CONTROL AS ALTERNATIVES FOR STORED PRODUCT AND QUARANTINE PESTS OF FRESH/DRIED FRUITS AND NUTS

Location: Commodity Protection and Quality

Title: Spotted Wing Drosophila Host Suitability Index for Several California Fresh Fruits

Authors
item Walse, Spencer
item Bellamy, David

Submitted to: Entomology Society of America Pacific Branch Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 2, 2011
Publication Date: March 15, 2011
Citation: Walse, S.S., Bellamy, D.E. 2011. Spotted Wing Drosophila Host Suitability Index for Several California Fresh Fruits. Entomology Society of America Pacific Branch Meeting. 8.

Technical Abstract: Spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii, was first identified in central California in 2009 and now populates regions of key fruit production, as well as coastal regions surrounding Pacific port terminals. The discriminatory nature of D. suzukii oviposition needs to be established on undamaged ripe fruit across a range of potential hosts, which include strawberries, raspberries, cherries, blackberries, blueberries, and grapes. With insight into this critical piece of SWD biology lacking, implementation of effective pre- and post-harvest control measures has been obstructed. Here, we report a postharvest host suitability index for the SWD based on the integration of a series of bioassays: preferential flight response to fruit-derived olfactory cues, oviposition rates on fruit, and developmental success in fruit-based media.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014