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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Using Agricultural and Industrial Byproducts to Improve Crop Production Systems and Environment Quality

Location: National Soil Dynamics Laboratory

Title: Impact of subsurface applying poultry litter on reducing P losses in surface water runoff in a permanent pasture

Authors
item Watts, Dexter
item Way, Thomas
item Torbert, Henry

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Meetings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 2, 2009
Publication Date: November 2, 2009
Citation: Watts, D.B., Way, T.R., Torbert III, H.A. 2009. Impact of subsurface applying poultry litter on reducing P losses in surface water runoff in a permanent pasture. American Society of Agronomy Meetings. CDROM.

Technical Abstract: Interest in manure management and its effects on phosphorus (P) loss to the environment has increased in recent years. Research has shown that surface application of manure to agricultural fields prior to an intensive rainfall event can increase P loss in surface water runoff. To prevent nutrient loss to the environment, it is imperative that better management practices and new technologies are developed to minimize and mitigate P loss. In this study, we evaluate subsurface application of poultry litter in two drastically different soil types using a new subsurface bander. Treatments consisted of poultry litter (subsurface banded vs. surface application), commercial fertilizer, and a control. In an established pasture, poultry litter was applied at a rate of 9 Mg ha-1 to each plot prior to a simulated rainfall event. Soil types consisted of Piedmont and Coastal Plain soils. Phosphorus loss in surface water runoff was determined by collecting runoff at 10 min intervals during the 40 min simulated rainfall event. Results from this study showed the impact that these fertilizer application practices have on nutrient loss to the environment. [GRACEnet Publication]

Last Modified: 10/19/2014
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