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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Sugarbeet Germplasm Enhancement, Breeding and Genetics

Location: Crop Improvement and Protection Research

Title: Sugar beet traditional breeding.

Author
item RICHARDSON, KELLEY

Submitted to: Sugar Tech
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: December 20, 2010
Publication Date: January 25, 2011
Repository URL: http://10.1007/s12355-010-0050-4
Citation: Richardson, K.L. 2011. Sugar beet traditional breeding. Sugar Tech. 12(3–4):181–186.

Interpretive Summary: The goal of plant breeding is to assemble valuable combinations of genes in new varieties. Sugar beet has been selectively bred since the early 19th century with the principle objective to develop varieties with the maximum root and sucrose yield potential at the lowest economic and environmental costs possible. This manuscript reviews the most productive developments in sugar beet breeding’s history and examines how potential future efforts will improve the productivity and economic stability of sugar beet in global agriculture.

Technical Abstract: With rapidly changing agricultural practices, target environments, and biotic and abiotic stresses, plant breeders face the task of continually selecting plants with desirable traits with the goal to assemble advantageous combinations of genes in new varieties. Sugar beet has been selectively bred since the early 19th century with the principle objective to develop varieties with the maximum root and sucrose yield potential at the lowest economic and environmental costs possible. Historically, the most productive developments in sugar beet breeding have been monogerm seed, male-sterility and subsequent hybrid development, and pest and disease resistance. Future sugar beet breeding efforts must make use of the genetic and genomic resources available and those under development to improve the productivity and economic stability of sugar beet in global agriculture.

Last Modified: 8/27/2014