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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: BIOPHOTONICS - THE APPLICATION OF NOVEL IMAGING METHODOLOGIES TO LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION RESEARCH

Location: Warmwater Aquaculture Research Unit

Title: Comparison of Ground Raw Soybean and Soybean Meal Diets on Carcass Traits of Gilts

Authors
item Sykes, D -
item Couvillion, J -
item Martin, J -
item Althen, T -
item Rude, B -
item Crenshaw, M -
item Gerald, P -
item Ryan, P -

Submitted to: Journal of Muscle Foods
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: August 4, 2008
Publication Date: June 16, 2010
Citation: Sykes, D.J., Couvillion, J.S., Martin, J.M., Althen, T.G., Rude, B.J., Crenshaw, M., Gerald, P., Ryan, P.L. 2010. Comparison of Ground Raw Soybean and Soybean Meal Diets on Carcass Traits of Gilts. Journal of Muscle Foods. 21:509-518.

Interpretive Summary: Raw soybeans are not commonly used in swine diets due to known presence of antinutritional factors that may retard growth in young swine and may also affect carcass quality. However, the effect of using RSB on carcass quality in older swine has yet to be examined. As part of an ongoing reproductive efficiency study with gilts fed a raw soybean diet, an assessment of carcass traits was performed to measure the effect of antinutritional factors present in raw soybean on these traits. Yorkshire × Landrace crossbred gilts were fed to day 35–45 of gestation and then harvested for recovery of the reproductive tract and carcass trait assessments. Carcass trait value finding indicated a decrease in hot carcass weight of raw soybean fed gilts, but no differences in carcass length, back fat thickness, average back fat, loin area muscle score and USDA grade scores. Thus, supplementing diets of prepubertal gilts through to early gestation with ground raw soybean had no observed adverse effects on carcass quality traits. These data show that supplementation of swine diets with raw soybean can be used in gilts 155 days of age and older without affecting carcass quality.

Technical Abstract: As part of an ongoing reproductive efficiency study with gilts fed a raw soybean (RSB) diet, an assessment of carcass traits was performed to measure the effect of antinutritional factors present in RSB. Yorkshire × Landrace crossbred gilts (n = 20) were assigned to balanced isonitrogenous (crude protein 14%), isocaloric diets using either soybean meal (SBM, n = 10) or ground RSB (n = 10) as the protein supplement. Gilts were fed to day 35-45 of gestation and then harvested for recovery of the reproductive tract and carcass assessment. Carcass trait values included: a decrease (P ? 0.05) in hot carcass weight of RSB gilts, but no differences in carcass length, back fat thickness (cm) at 1st rib, 10th rib, last rib, last lumbar and average back fat. Loin area cm2, % fat free lean, muscle score and United States Department of Agriculture grade scores did not differ (P > 0.05). Thus, supplementing diets of prepubertal gilts through to early gestation with ground RSB had no observed adverse effects on carcass quality traits.

Last Modified: 7/28/2014
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