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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: MOLECULAR, CELLULAR, AND REGULATORY ASPECTS OF OBESITY DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN

Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

Title: Maturity aggravates sepsis-associated skeletal muscle catabolism in growing pigs

Authors
item Orellana, Renan -
item Suryawan, Agus -
item Gazzaneo, Maria -
item Wilson, Fiona -
item Nguyen, Hanh -
item Fiorotto, Marta -
item Davis, Teresa -

Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: February 24, 2010
Publication Date: April 24, 2010
Repository URL: http://www.fasebj.org/cgi/content/meeting_abstract/24/1_MeetingAbstracts/327.2?maxtoshow=&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=suryawan&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&volume=24&issue=1_MeetingAbstracts&resourcetype=HWCIT
Citation: Orellana, R.A., Suryawan, A., Gazzaneo, M.C., Wilson, F.A., Nguyen, H.V., Fiorotto, M.L., Davis T.A. 2010. Maturity aggravates sepsis-associated skeletal muscle catabolism in growing pigs [abstract]. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference, Session: Animal research models in macronutrient metabolism I, April 24-28, 2010, Anaheim, California. 24: 327.2.

Technical Abstract: Synthesis and accretion of muscle protein is elevated in neonates and decreases with development. During sepsis, muscle protein synthesis is reduced, but the effect of development on the metabolic response to sepsis in skeletal muscle is not well understood. Fasted 7- and 26-d-old pigs were infused for 8 h with LPS (0 and 10 ug/kg(–1)/hr(–1)) and fractional protein synthesis rates (FSR) and translation and degradation signals were determined in longissimus dorsi muscle (n=5–7/group/age). Alpha-Actin in serum, and FSR, ribosomal abundance, and caspase-3 abundance in muscle were greater in 7- than 26 d-old pigs, indicating a higher baseline protein turnover in the younger pigs. In muscle, LPS decreased FSR, protein synthetic efficiency, and eIF4G phosphorylation and increased AMPK phosphorylation and MURF-1 and atrogin-1 abundance in both age groups. Serum 3-methylhistidine and alpha-actin levels and caspase-3 abundance in muscle increased in 26- but not in 7-d-old pigs in response to LPS. The results suggest that the mechanisms regulating protein accretion in skeletal muscle in neonatal pigs during sepsis are influenced by development such that the LPS-induced muscle catabolism becomes more severe as maturation advances.

Last Modified: 9/22/2014
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