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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IMPROVING BIOCHEMICAL PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SUSTAINABLE FUELS AND CHEMICALS

Location: Renewable Product Technology Research Unit

Title: Development of recombinant biocatalysts expressing laccase enzyme from Trametes versicolor

Authors
item Pinkelman, Rebecca -
item Hughes, Stephen
item Bang, Sookie -

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 1, 2009
Publication Date: August 5, 2009
Citation: Pinkelman, R.J., Hughes, S.R., Bang, S.S. 2009. Development of recombinant biocatalysts expressing laccase enzyme from Trametes versicolor [abstract]. Society for Industrial Microbiology. Poster 15. p. 20.

Technical Abstract: Increasing demands for sustainable energy necessitate the use of biorenewable sources such as agricultural and forestry wastes. A major challenge of using lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel production is the recalcitrant nature of the lignin structure. Laccase is a multi-copper oxidase that catalyzes the reduction of molecular oxygen to water while oxidizing phenolic compounds such as lignin. The long term goal of our research is to develop a high-performance biocatalyst in cost-effective bioenergy production from lignocellulosic feedstocks by combining pre-treatment with laccase and subsequent bioconversion through simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). The specific aim of our study is to genetically engineer a yeast strain expressing laccase enzyme that is essential for degrading lignocellulosic feedstocks to accomplish a consolidated bioprocessing operation. In this study, we attempt to develop recombinant biocatalysts using Saccharomyces cerevisiae PJ69-4, an auxotrophic yeast strain with mutations in the uracil, histidine, tryptophan, and leucine genes. Two Trametes versicolor laccase gene fragments have been amplified creating a full length laccase protein with the native signal DNA sequence (1563 bp) and a truncated fragment (1511 bp) without the signal sequence, cloned in the Gatewayâ„¢ vector system (pENTR D TOPO) using LR Clonase II enzyme mix, and transformed and expressed in S. cerevisiae PJ69-4 using a small ubiquitin-related modifier vector system with uracil as the selectable marker (pSUMO-URA) and a high expression galactose inducible vector system with uracil as the selectable marker (pYES2DEST52). The levels of laccase activities expressed from the recombinant yeast strains are being compared to evaluate their role as biocatalysts.

Last Modified: 11/25/2014