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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IMPROVING ALFALFA AND OTHER FORAGE CROPS FOR BIOENERGY, LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION, AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Location: Plant Science Research

Title: Comparison of corn stover cell wall polysaccharide degradability by rumen microbes and a cellulosic ethanol conversion process

Authors
item Jung, Hans Joachim
item Bernardo, Rex -

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 28, 2010
Publication Date: October 31, 2010
Citation: Jung, H.G., Bernardo, R. 2010. Comparison of corn stover cell wall polysaccharide degradability by rumen microbes and a cellulosic ethanol conversion process [abstract]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting. October 31-November 3, 2010, Long Beach, California. Abstract No. 278-8. Available: http://a-c-s.confex.com/crops/2010am/webprogram/Paper59138.html.

Technical Abstract: Release of fermentable cell wall sugars in the cellulosic ethanol conversion process is assumed similar to rumen degradability; however, available literature has only reported surrogate rumen degradation measures (dry matter, neutral detergent fiber, and fermentation gases). We determined 72-h in vitro rumen degradability of cell wall polysaccharide component sugars (glucose, galactose, mannose, xylose, arabinose, and uronic acids) and release of these sugars by a dilute acid/high temperature pretreatment and cellulase conversion process for 153 corn stover samples. Composition of the stover ranged widely (139-193, 297-384, and 171-225 g/kg dry matter for lignin, glucose, and xylose, respectively). Glucose release averaged 11% less (P < 0.001) for the conversion process (518 g/kg) than rumen degradation (583 g/kg) in a paired t-test whereas release of most other sugars was greater (23 to 65%, P < 0.001) for the conversion process. Mannose was not released by the conversion process but rumen degradability was high (820 g/kg). Pearson correlations between conversion and rumen results were moderate (r = 0.70 and 0.55 for glucose and xylose, respectively; P < 0.001), and Spearman rank correlations were of similar magnitude. Lignin concentration was negatively correlated with conversion and rumen results, respectively, for glucose (r = -0.42 and -0.47, P < 0.001) and xylose (r = -0.23 and -0.24, P < 0.01). Rumen degradability of xylose, but not release by the conversion process, was negatively correlated with ferulate cross linking (r = -0.27, P < 0.001). The higher efficiency of the conversion process for hemicellulose and pectin was expected because the pretreatment acid-catalyzed their hydrolysis. Limited correlations between the conversion process and rumen degradability of corn stover suggest that in vitro rumen degradation is not a good model for feedstock performance in a cellulosic ethanol process, although probably better than using lignification as a predictor.

Last Modified: 9/10/2014
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