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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: NOVEL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS FOR SMALL FRUITS

Location: Appalachian Fruit Research Laboratory: Innovative Fruit Production, Improvement and Protection

Title: New methods for regulating flowering time in short-day strawberry

Author
item Takeda, Fumiomi

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 30, 2010
Publication Date: August 24, 2010
Citation: Takeda, F. 2010. New methods for regulating flowering time in short-day strawberry. Meeting Abstract. Book of Abstracts, Vol 2, p-11.

Technical Abstract: The main strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) harvest season in the mid-Atlantic coast region of the United States (39 degrees N latitude, 77 degrees W longitude) is from May to July. Out-of-season fruit production in the region is low. Producing strawberry transplants from runner tips that were plugged in early July rather than the standard time (early August) promoted fall flowering in short-day cultivars 'Chandler', 'Carmine', 'Strawberry Festival', and 'Sweet Charlie'. Nearly 100 percent of the transplants produced in early July flowered in the fall, but less than 30 percent of the August-plugged transplants flowered in the fall. Under protected cultivation, July-plugged plants bloomed earlier and produced fruit in October, November, and December. This novel technique for propagating strawberry transplants for annual plasticulture combined with production under high tunnels creates an opportunity for strawberry production in early winter and again in the spring (double cropping)in the mid-Atlantic coast region. In another study, growing transplants under photoselective nets in August inhibited flowering in the fall. Flowering in plants that were grown under red-colored or blue-colored photoselective nets occurred in early January. The results of this study suggested that the photoselective shade net over strawberry plug plants in August affects the light signal needed for flower bud initiation, delaying flower initiation until plants are transplanted in the field. The colored nets did not affect runnering during fall months. The nursery industry can use the non-flowering transplants as stock plants so that periodic flower removal for preventing infection by Colletotrichum species is not needed.

Last Modified: 8/1/2014
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