COTTON GENETIC RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Location: Crop Germplasm Research
Title: DNA polymorphisms of genes involved in fiber development in a selected set of cultivated tetraploid cotton
Submitted to: Crop Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 20, 2009
Publication Date: September 1, 2009
Citation: Lu, Y., Curtiss, J., Percy, R.G., Hughs, S.E., Yu, S., Zhang, J. 2009. DNA polymorphisms of genes involved in fiber development in a selected set of cultivated tetraploid cotton. Crop Science. 49:1695-1704.
Interpretive Summary: Molecular markers have great potential for increasing the speed and efficiency of breeding superior cotton varieties. However, there have been difficulties in identifying molecular markers associated with useful traits. In this investigation several different types of markers associated with genes for fiber development were investigated. One type, SSCP markers, was found to show a high level of diversity in agronomically improved lines of upland cotton. These results suggest that SSCP markers will be useful in the mapping of genes in cotton and ultimately in breeding for improved fiber traits.
The lack of genetic diversity within cultivated upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) has hindered the construction of genomewide linkage maps and their applications in genetics and breeding. The objective of this investigation was to develop candidate gene markers for fiber quality and yield on the basis of approximately 90 genes implicated in fiber development. Polymorphisms using sequence-tagged site (STS) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers based on single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and cleaved amplified polymorphism (CAP) were evaluated among three upland and five Pima cotton (G. barbadense L.) genotypes. Of the 90 primer pairs, 75 resulted in polymerase chain reaction amplifications, including 11 that yielded polymorphic STS markers. Of the 48 primer pairs that produced polymorphic SSCP markers, 27 yielded interspecific polymorphism, while 15 yielded both inter- and intraspecific polymorphisms. Six pairs yielded only intraspecific polymorphisms. A total of 18 SNPs, including four indels, were identified in seven of the 15 fiber gene fragments on the basis of direct DNA sequencing, and the average length was 350 bp, with a mean of 1.3 SNPs per fragment. The average rate of SNPs per nucleotide was 0.34%, and 0.31% and 0.41% in coding and noncoding regions, respectively. Eight of the 15 SNPs were interspecific and 78% were nucleotide substitutions, with the four indels contributing to interspecific polymorphism. Six selected SNPs were confirmed by restriction enzyme digestion. The high level of SSCP polymorphism observed within a selected set of agronomically improved lines of upland cotton suggests that the use of SSCP will greatly facilitate genomewide mapping in upland cotton.