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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service


Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

Title: Risk factors for type 2 diabetes in a sixth-grade multi-racial cohort: The HEALTHY study

item Kaufman, Francine -
item Hirst, Kathryn -
item Linder, Barbara -
item Baranowski, Tom -
item Cooper, Dan -
item Foster, Gary -
item Goldberg, Linn -
item Harrell, Joanne -
item Marcus, Marsha -
item Trevino, Roberto -

Submitted to: Diabetes Care
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: November 3, 2008
Publication Date: February 5, 2009
Citation: Kaufman, F., Hirst, K., Linder, B., Baranowski, T., Cooper, D., Foster, G., Goldberg, L., Harrell, J., Marcus, M., Trevino, R. 2009. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes in a sixth-grade multi-racial cohort: The HEALTHY study. Diabetes Care. 32(5):953-955.

Technical Abstract: HEALTHY is a 3-year middle school intervention program designed to reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes. The prevalence of diabetes risk factors at baseline in a cohort of 6,358 sixth-grade students is reported. Forty-two schools at seven U.S. sites were randomly assigned to intervention or control. Students participated in baseline data collection during fall of 2006. Overall, 49.3% of children had BMI >or=85th percentile, 16.0% had fasting blood glucose >or=100 mg/dl (<1% had fasting blood glucose >or=126 mg/dl), and 6.8% had fasting insulin >or=30 microU/ml. Hispanic youth were more likely to have BMI, glucose, and insulin levels above these thresholds than blacks and whites. Sixth-grade students in schools with large minority populations have high levels of risk factors for type 2 diabetes. The HEALTHY intervention was designed to modify these risk factors to reduce diabetes incidence.

Last Modified: 9/10/2014
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