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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: GENOMIC CHARACTERIZATION AND MANIPULATION OF VALUE-ADDED TRAITS FROM RYE FOR UTILIZATION IN WHEAT IMPROVEMENT

Location: Plant Genetics Research

Title: Screening of Wheat Genotypes for Boron Efficiency in Bangladesh

Authors
item Islam, S -
item Jahiruddin, M -
item Islam, M -
item Islam, M -
item Brown, P -
item Gustafson, J

Submitted to: Plant Nutrition Colloquium Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 28, 2009
Publication Date: August 7, 2009
Citation: Islam, S., Jahiruddin, M., Islam, M.A., Islam, M.R., Brown, P.H., Gustafson, J.P. 2009. Screening of Wheat Genotypes for Boron Efficiency in Bangladesh. Plant Nutrition Colloquium Proceedings. Available: http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/8731z4b9

Technical Abstract: A number of Bangladeshi wheat genotypes (varieties and advanced lines) have been tested for boron efficiency through sand culture experiments over two years (2007-08 & 2008-09) against two Thai check varieties ‘Fang 60’ (boron efficient) and ‘SW41’ (boron inefficient). Performances of the genotypes were evaluated with respect to grain set, boron uptake and grain yield. The genotypes differed considerably in their response to added boron. Some commonly grown varieties such as ‘Sourav’, ‘Prodip’ and ‘Sufi’ showed little response to boron application, while ‘Shatabdi’ had a high response to added boron, thus the former varieties can be regarded as boron efficient and the later as boron inefficient. Some advanced lines, ‘BAW 1051’, ‘BAW 1086’ and ‘KRL-1-4’, also demonstrated their performances as boron efficient genotypes. Wheat genotype response to added boron showed considerable variation between two years, so it is unclear under what conditions the boron translocation from the vegetative part to the reproductive part is affected and at what stage of plant development does this take place. Our field data indicate that high temperature and water stress at specific stages of plant development might have an interacting effect on boron translocation to the reproductive part.

Last Modified: 7/14/2014