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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF SUGARCANE BY CONVENTIONAL AND MOLECULAR APPROACHES

Location: Sugarcane Research Unit

Title: Growing Super-Sweet Sugarcane Varieties Makes Good Sense

Authors
item Tew, Thomas
item Salassi, Michael -

Submitted to: Sugar Bulletin
Publication Type: Trade Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: May 26, 2009
Publication Date: June 1, 2009
Citation: Tew, T.L., Salassi, M. 2009. Growing Super-Sweet Sugarcane Varieties Makes Good Sense. The Sugar Bulletin. 87(9):21-23.

Technical Abstract: Recently-released L 99-226, HoCP 00-950, and L 01-283 all mature significantly earlier and maintain a higher overall sucrose content than previously released varieties in Louisiana. The advantage that high-sucrose varieties have over those with moderate sucrose content is that less cane must be harvested, transported, and processed to obtain the same amount of sugar per acre. Considering the ever-increasing harvesting, hauling, and grinding costs per ton of cane handled, the economic advantage of harvesting and processing high sucrose varieties can be substantial. Data from yield tests and maturity studies suggest that these newer varieties should contribute to higher profits for growers and millers. However, growers should be aware that practices such as repeated early-season harvesting of high-sucrose varieties, and unnecessary use of chemical ripeners may cause them to underperform. It will benefit the sugar industry in Louisiana to better understand and appropriately manage high sucrose varieties currently available in order to maximize their longevity in the industry and potentially increase profitability while maintaining genetic diversity.

Last Modified: 7/31/2014