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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IMPROVED PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES FOR PASTURES AND RANGELANDS IN THE TEMPERATE SEMIARID REGIONS OF THE WESTERN U.S.

Location: Forage and Range Research

Title: Germination and Persistence of Rangeland Grasses on Heavy Metal Soils

Authors
item Jensen, Kevin
item Larson, Steven
item Jennings, Stuart -
item Neuman, Dennis -
item Staub, Jack

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 15, 2009
Publication Date: September 21, 2009
Citation: Jensen, K.B., Larson, S.R., Jennings, S.R., Neuman, D.R., Staub, J.E. 2009. Germination and Persistence of Rangeland Grasses on Heavy Metal Soils. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts (CD-ROM). Pittsburg, PA. October 4-8 2009.

Technical Abstract: Many of acres of Western rangeland have been degraded by mining and other land disturbances which often result in soil with elevated salinity, increased acidity, high levels of sodium, metals, and decreased nutrient availability. Chemical amendment of degraded soils followed by reseeding has resulted in some success, yet high costs and low effectiveness suggest that naturally tolerant plant species and genetic improvement may be required to rehabilitate these rangelands. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the ability of crested wheatgrass, Russian wildrye, Altai wildrye, thickspike wheatgrass, slender wheatgrass, Snake River wheatgrass, intermediate and tall wheatgrass, basin wildrye, creeping wildrye, and other misc. species to establish and persist on heavy metal soils containing Arsenic, Selenium, N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, Na, and S. Seeds (30 seeds replication-1 with 4 replications) were planted in soil from three mine sites containing different concentrations of the above heavy metals. When combined across all three soil types in ascending order, Nevada bluegrass (cv. Opportunity), smooth brome (cv. Manchar), orchardgrass (Exp. Line and Paiute), thickspike wheatgrass (Exp. Line), slender wheatgrass (cv. FirstStrike, Copperhead, and Exp. line), Basin wildrye (cv. Trailhead), crested wheatgrass (cv. Hycrest II), Snake River wheatgrass (Exp. Line and Discovery), meadow brome (cv. Cache), and Altai wildrye (cv. Mustang) all had germination rates over 50%. Persistence and heavy metal concentrations in the forage will be reported.

Last Modified: 7/28/2014