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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: DEVELOPMENT OF PEST, DISEASE RESISTANCE, AND STRESS TOLERANCE IN APPLE ROOTSTOCKS

Location: Plant Genetic Resources

Title: Budagovsky 9 rootstock: uncovering a novel resistance to fire blight

Authors
item Russo, Nicole - CORNELL UNIVERSITY
item Aldwinckle, Herbert - CORNELL UNIVERSITY
item Robinson, Terence - CORNELL UNIVERSITY
item Fazio, Gennaro

Submitted to: Acta Horticulturae
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: October 2, 2007
Publication Date: October 2, 2008
Citation: Russo, N., Aldwinckle, H., Robinson, T., Fazio, G. 2008. Budagovsky 9 rootstock: uncovering a novel resistance to fire blight. Acta Hort. 793:321-324.

Technical Abstract: Budagovsky 9 (B.9) apple rootstock, displayed a high level of susceptibility (similar to M.9 rootstock) to fire blight bacteria (Erwinia amylovora) when leaves of non-grafted B.9 plants were inoculated. However, when older B.9 rootstock tissue was inoculated directly with E. amylovora, rootstock tissue was resistant in both grafted and non-grafted plants. Comparisons of four scion cultivar ('Gala', 'Red Yorking', 'Jonagold' and 'Gingergold') and two sources of B.9 rootstock (Oregon, USA and Netherlands) showed no influence of scion cultivar or source of B.9 rootstock on symptom development. Further experiments investigating tissue age and its effect on resistance suggest B.9 asserts a form of persistent age related resistance in response to E. amylovora.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014