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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: REDUCING COST OF EFFICIENT BEEF PRODUCTION Title: Fasting lowers gastrin-releasing peptide and FSH mRNA in the ovine anterior pituitary gland

item Fuller, A - U OF WYOMING, LARAMIE
item Austin, K - U OF WYOMING, LARAMIE
item Roberts, Andrew
item Alexander, B - U OF WYOMING, LARAMIE

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 17, 2009
Publication Date: June 16, 2009
Citation: Fuller, A.M., Austin, K.J., Roberts, A.J., Moss, G.E., Alexander, B.M. 2009. Fasting lowers gastrin-releasing peptide and FSH mRNA in the ovine anterior pituitary gland. Meeting Abstract #47. Journal of Animal Science 87(E-Suppl 3):151.

Interpretive Summary: abstract only

Technical Abstract: Estrogen receptor beta (ER-ß), LH, and FSH are important mediators of reproduction. FSH stimulates follicle recruitment and development. During anorexia, serum concentrations of FSH and LH decrease. Gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), neuromedin B (NMB), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1a), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) are important metabolic regulators expressed in the anterior pituitary gland. GRP stimulates release of ACTH, is associated with melanocortin in regulating food intake, and is a regulatory peptide in the female reproductive tract. In cattle, pituitary GRP expression was markedly up-regulated after resumption of estrus following parturition, indicating a connection between gene expression of GRP and reproductive function. The objective of this study was to determine effects of fasting during the luteal phase of the estrous cycle on gene expression in the anterior pituitary gland during the subsequent periovulatory period. Estrus was synchronized in mature (>3yr old) western white-faced ewes with prostaglandin F2a (PGF2a). Randomly selected ewes were fed grass hay ad libitum (control = 10) or were withheld from feed on days 7 – 11 of their estrous cycle (d1 = estrus; fasted = 10). On d12, fasted ewes were returned to feed and all ewes were treated with PGF2a (0 hrs). Pituitaries were collected 72 h after PGF. Ovaries were observed for presence of pre-ovulatory follicle or newly formed CL. Pituitaries were analyzed (n = 5 each group) from ewes that had ovulated. Fasting decreased (P < 0.05) gene expression of GRP and FSH. Differences in gene expression were not noted (P = 0.26) in mRNA levels of PGC-1a, TSH, NMB, ER-ß, or LH were detected. Mediation of metabolic effects on reproductive function may be regulated by GRP affecting expression of FSH.

Last Modified: 10/22/2014