DISCOVERING AND USING DISEASE RESISTANCE GENES IN PHASEOLUS VULGARIS FOR THE CONTROL OF RUSTS
Location: Soybean Genomics and Improvement
Title: Registration of Great Northern Common Bean Cultivar NE1-06-12 with Enhanced Disease Resistance to Common Bacterial Blight and Bean Rust
| Urrea, C - UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA |
| Steadman, J - UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA |
Pastor Corrales, Marcial
| Lindgren, D - UNIVERISTY OF NEBRAKSA |
| Venegas, J - UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA |
| Coyne, D - DECEASED |
Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: May 15, 2009
Publication Date: September 15, 2009
Citation: Urrea, C., Steadman, J.R., Pastor Corrales, M.A., Lindgren, D.T., Venegas, J.P., Coyne, D.P. 2009. Registration of Great Northern Common Bean Cultivar NE1-06-12 with Enhanced Disease Resistance to Common Bacterial Blight and Bean Rust. Journal of Plant Registrations. 3:219-222.
Interpretive Summary: Common bacterial blight (CBB), bean rust, and bean common mosaic virus (BCMV) are major and recurrent diseases of dry beans east of the Rocky Mountains where at least 80% of U.S. bean production occurs. The University of Nebraska Agricultural Research Division in cooperation with the USDA-ARS Beltsville Agricultural Research Center has developed NE1-06-12, a new Great Northern dry bean cultivar developed with enhanced resistance to CBB, common bean rust, and BCMV and for adaptation to growing conditions of Nebraska, the largest producer of Great Northern beans in the U.S. Planting beans with resistance is the most effective and inexpensive method of managing the above-mentioned diseases that reduce seed yield, diminish the quality and health of the pod and seed, and increase production costs. The most likely users of this information will be bean scientists, especially plant breeders and plant pathologists seeking to improve their own bean cultivars for resistance to CBB, rust, and BCMV. Other users might be seed companies and bean growers in Nebraska and other bean producing states.
Great northern common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivar NE1-06-12, developed by the University of Nebraska Agricultural Research Division and released in 2008, was bred specifically for enhanced resistance to common bacterial blight, a major disease of common bean caused by the seed borne bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli (Xcp) and common bean rust Uromyces appendiculatus , and for adaptation to Nebraska common bean growing conditions. Reaction of Coyne to Xcp at the West Central Research and Extension Center, North Platte, NE was consistent across three years, with resistant disease ratings of 3.6, 3.5, and 4.4 in 2005, 2006 and 2007, respectively. Coyne has the Ur-3 and Ur-6 rust resistance genes and carries the single dominant hypersensitive I gene for resistance to all non-necrotic strains of the Bean common mosaic virus. Coyne has bright white seed, blooms 44 d after planting, and is a midseason bean, maturing 91 d after planting.